Caregiving by the numbers: family caregivers provide 20 hours of unpaid in-home care per week; 87% of caregivers are not getting enough sleep; 91% of caregivers whose health is in decline report depression; caring for an Alzheimer's patient can shorten a person's life by 4 to 8 years.
Caregiver Burnout and How to Protect Your Health
There are an estimated 75 million adults in North America caring for an elderly, disabled or chronically ill family member. A large portion of these family caregivers are part of the “sandwich generation,” raising children and holding down full-time jobs in addition to caring for aging parents. Juggling multiple responsibilities along with the physical and emotional toll of caregiving leaves little time for personal care; the majority of family caregivers report symptoms of depression, high levels of stress and general feelings of being overburdened. A Commonwealth Fund study found that caregivers are twice as likely as the general population to develop chronic illness earlier in life. Too often caregivers feel pressure to “do it all” and are unaware of resources available to help them. Does this sound like you or someone you know? In order to provide the best care for your loved ones, you must first be sure you are healthy. One of the most important steps you can take to ensure quality care is to understand the signs of burnout and ways to prevent it.
The Signs of Burnout
Psychologists define burnout as “a debilitating psychological condition brought about by unrelieved stress”. Because burnout is not immediately apparent in the way that a sore throat or rash is, for example, caregivers can often deny or simply be unaware of the warning signs. Often, burnout is noticed first by family members or friends.
Signs of burnout include:
- - Feeling pessimistic and dissatisfied
- - Decreased energy or emotional exhaustion
- - Withdrawing from friends or social interactions
- - Loss of interest in work or hobbies
- - Increased use of alcohol or medication to relax
- - Becoming impatient, irritable, or argumentative
- - Lowered resistance to illness
The most important step you can take to combat burnout is to closely monitor your stress level. Prolonged high stress hinders the immune system’s ability to fight disease and can lead to fatigue, depression and eventually, burnout. The following strategies can help relieve stress:
Being an effective, yet responsible caregiver means learning how to take care of yourself first so that you can provide healthy support and compassion to others. These strategies will help you become a better caregiver and avoid the debilitating effects of burnout.
As part of our mission in changing the way the world ages, it’s important that we not only provide older adults high caliber care that enables them to live happier, healthier lives at home, but that we also advocate for the quality of life of the professional and family care providers who provide care day in and day out.